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|Bellaventure: S.S. Bellaventure; Steel-hulled steam screw driven schooner-rigged two-masted vessel; Length: 241 ft; Beam: 36 ft; 1133 gross registered tons; 466 net registered tons; D&W Henderson & Co. Glasgow, Scotland; 1908|
Registered in St. John's, Newfoundland, the Bellaventure was engaged in the sealhunt from 1909 to 1915. She was one of the vessels involved in the rescue of sealers from the SS Newfoundland having been left out on the ice in the 1914 Newfoundland sealing disaster. Sold to the Russian Government in 1917 and renamed Alexander Sibririakov, she made the first successful crossing of the Northern Sea Route in a single navigation without wintering. She was sunk during WWII by the German cruiser Admiral Scheer near Belucha Island on the 25th of August 1942.
|Bonaventure: S.S. Bonaventure; Steel-hulled steam screw driven sealing vessel; Length: 240.25 ft; Beam: 35.75 ft; 1118 gross registered tons; 461 net registered tons; Napier & Miller LTD. Old Kilpatrick, Strathclyde, Scotland; 1909|
Registered in St. John's, Newfoundland, the Bonaventure was engaged in the sealhunt from 1909 to 1915. Sold to the Russian interests in 1916.
|Florizel: S.S. Florizel; Steel-hulled luxury steam liner; Length: 305.5 ft; Beam: 43.1 ft; 3,081 gross registered tons; 1,980 net registered tons; Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow, Scotland; 1909|
Registered in St. John's, Newfoundland, the Florizel was commissioned as a luxury liner for the Bowring Brothers' Red Cross Line and also engaged in the annual spring sealhunt. Florizel broke all kinds of sealing records while captained by the elder Abram Kean and was captained by Joseph Kean during the Newfoundland sealing disaster rescue effort in the spring of 1914. In October of the same year, she carried the first 500 volunteers, A.K.A the Blue Puttees, of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment (RNR) to the fields of Europe during WWI. She was wrecked after grounding on the rocks at Cappahayden, Newfoundland on the 23rd of February 1918 with the loss of 93 passengers and crew. The whole ordeal has been captured by Cassie Brown in hardcover, 'A winter's tale: The wreck of the Florizel'.
Courtesy of Admiralty House Museum & Archives
|Newfoundland: S.S. Newfoundland; Wooden steam screw driven Brigantine; Length: 212.5 ft; Beam: 29.5 ft; 918.75 gross registered tons; 567.83 net registered tons; Peter Baldwin Quebec, Canada; 1872|
Seized by the U.S. in 1898 while being used as a blockade runner to Cuba during the Spanish-American War. Later registered to St. John's, Newfoundland, she was used for the annual spring seal hunt. In March 1914, captained by Wes Kean, she departed St. John's for the seal hunt and the tragic events she would become most famous for. Thanks to fear of being stuck in the ice and a number of communication and judgment errors, 77 crew members died while being stranded on the ice for 53 hours during a blizzard in what's known as the Newfoundland sealing disaster of 1914. She was sold to Job Brothers & Co. in 1915 and her name was changed to S.S. Samuel Blandford in 1916. The vessel was wrecked when she struck the Keys, near St. Mary's Bay on August 3, 1916.
SS Newfoundland model
|Terra Nova: Steam assisted Bark; 140 bhp single screw compound steam engine; Length: 187 ft; Beam: 31.4 ft; Draft: 19 ft; 764 grt; Comp: 65; Dundee, Scotland; 1884|
Originally built for the Dundee whaling and sealing fleet, she worked the annual spring seal hunt for a decade before being converted for polar expeditionary and scientific duty. She acted as a relief ship for the Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic Expedition of 1894-1897 and as Captain Robert Scott's vessel on his doomed Antarctic polar expedition of 1910. Terra Nova was sunk by ice off the southwestern tip of Greenland on the 13th of September 1943.